Added: Anneke Bently - Date: 29.08.2021 07:00 - Views: 34564 - Clicks: 4620
Side effects happen when a treatment causes a problem because it does more than treat the target issue. The impact can range from minor to severe and life-threatening. A side effect can, theoretically, be positive. The treatment may be a medication, surgical procedure, or other kind of intervention, including complementary and alternative therapies.
Adverse effects can vary for each patient, depending on their general health, the state of their disease, age, weight, and gender. They can be mild, moderate, or severe. They can lead to complications. SAEs include death, birth defects, complications that require hospitalization, or permanent damage. Any medication can have an adverse effect, whether a prescription drug, an over-the-counter OTC drug, an alternative, herbal or complementary therapy, or a vitamin supplement. For a medication to get approval by the United States Food and Drug Administration FDAor a similar body in another country, the drug manufacturer has to list all its known adverse effects.
Adverse effects must be reported, investigated in human clinical trials, and included in the patient information leaflet PIL. The PIL accompanies drugs and medical devices when they are sold to the public. The FDA encourage people to report adverse effects to medications. Adverse effects of medications are most likely to happen when a person first uses the drug, when they stop using it, or when the dosage changes. A drug interaction happens when another substance affects the activity of a drug.
This could be, for Drug side effects, another drug, a food, a vitamin or supplement, or an essential oil. The other substance may increase or reduce the effect of a drug. Sometimes it may cause a completely different action to occur. Drug-drug interactions happen when two drugs interact. For example, aspirin and warfarin are both blood thinners. Together, they increase the risk of bleeding and bruising. Drug-food interactions occur when a food alters what the drug should be doing.
For example, statins reduce cholesterol levels, but eating high-fat foods will increase them. Drug-herb interactions can also happen, for example, using antidepressant medication with St. OTC preparationssuch as aspirin, can trigger drug interactions. It is important to tell a health care professional which drugs you are already taking, including supplements and OTC drugs, at the time of getting a new medication.
In countries where a wide range of drugs can be bought without prescriptions, the risk of drug-drug interactions is greater. It is important to note that adverse effects from drugs can vary widely, from mild nausea to death. Different drugs have different effects. Some effects are more likely than others. The PIL that comes with a drug or device will categorize effects according to their probability. For example, research may have shown that a headache occurs in 1 in every 10 patients who use the drug according to the instructions. Heart palpitations may occur in 1 in every patients.
It is important to check the PIL on getting new drugs, to find out what effects may occur and how likely these are. The PIL will also advise on whether an effect is classed as an emergency or not. In the U. It offers an online source for patients to check for details of their medications.
Side effects may occur as a result of a vaccine. The effects will depend on the type of vaccine. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC estimate that this occurs in 1 in every 1 million vaccines and that the reaction usually appears within a few minutes to a few hours after the vaccination. The CDC suggest that if a person feels faint after having a vaccination, they should lie down and rest for 15 minutes. Some parents worry about long-term adverse effects of some vaccines, even if these have not been fully proven by research. However, serious and fatal diseases can result from not having a vaccination.
Also, the fewer people have the vaccination, for example, against measlesthe greater the threat to public health and the chance of an epidemic. In an epidemic, those who have not been vaccinated will be most at risk. It is important for parents to weigh up the pros and cons of vaccinating or not vaccinating their children. Some cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy radiotherapyor a combination, aim to destroy a tumor or reduce its size. The treatment can cause fatiguenausea, vomiting, hair lossmouth sores, and a lower blood cell count.
These are adverse effects. Radiation therapy kills unwanted cells, but it can also damage healthy cells, so adverse effects are common. How severe they are and how long they last will depend on which part of the body is targeted, the radiation dose, and how quickly the damaged cells can recover. Most people link chemotherapy with uncomfortable side effects, but the management of adverse effects has improved considerably in the last 20 years. Possible side effects includebut are Drug side effects limited to:.
Some people who are experiencing the late stages of cancer may decide not to undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy, as they feel the unwanted effects may compromise the quality of their remaining life. However, in the early stages, and even Drug side effects in the later stages, these treatments can successfully remove cancer or reduce symptoms and discomfort for some time.
Diagnostic procedures may be invasive or non-invasive. Adverse effects can include allergic reactions, bleeding, or perforation of the intestinal wall, for example, during a colonoscopy. There is a small risk that a cancer biopsy may cause some of the cancer to break off, enabling it to spread beyond the immediate tumor area.
Being aware of possible adverse effects can help a patient decide to go ahead with some treatments. During treatment, knowing what adverse effects may occur equips a patient to look out for possible problems, and to deal with them appropriately if they occur. We will update it regularly as the pandemic continues.
All about side Drug side effects. What are side effects? From medication Types of effect Cancer treatment Diagnostic procedures Surgery Side effects happen when a treatment causes a problem because it does more than treat the target issue. Share on Pinterest Always check the potential adverse effects on the label of any medications.
Side effects from medications. Share on Pinterest Not all side effects are bad, but adverse effects can occur with some medication. Types of effect. Share on Pinterest Vaccinations can carry side-effects, but it is worth speaking to your doctor to gauge the risk because of their preventive benefits. Cancer treatment. Share on Pinterest Chemotherapy is known for its severe side effects. Diagnostic procedures. Latest news Foods that boost metabolism: What does the science say?
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Drug Side Effects