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Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch explorers in honor of the day of their arrival in It was annexed by Chile in the late 19th century and now maintains an economy based largely on tourism. The statues reveal their creators to be master craftsmen and engineers, and are Easter island moai dating among other stone sculptures found in Polynesian cultures. There has been much speculation about the exact purpose of the statues, the role they played in the ancient civilization of Easter Island and the way they may have been constructed and transported.
The first human inhabitants of Rapa Nui the Polynesian name for Easter Island; its Spanish name is Isla de Pascua are believed to have arrived in an organized party of emigrants. Archaeology dates their arrival at between A. The greatest evidence for the rich culture developed by the original settlers of Rapa Nui and their descendants is the existence of nearly giant stone statues that have been found in diverse locations around the island.
Averaging 13 feet 4 meters high, with a weight of 13 tons, these enormous stone busts—known as moai—were carved out of tuff the light, porous rock formed by consolidated volcanic ash and placed atop ceremonial stone platforms called ahus. It is still unknown precisely why these statues were constructed in such s and on such a scale, or how they were moved around the island.
Archaeological excavations of Easter Island reveal three distinct cultural phases: the early period A. Between the early and middle periods, evidence has shown that many early statues were deliberately destroyed and rebuilt as the larger and heavier moai for which the island is most famous. During the middle period, ahus also contained burial chambers, and the images portrayed by moai are thought to have represented important figures that were deified after death.
The biggest statue found dating to the middle period measures about 32 feet tall, and consists of a single block weighing about 82 tons 74, kilograms. The Dutch named the island Paaseiland Easter Island to commemorate the day they arrived. Inthe Spanish viceroy of Peru sent an expedition to the island; the explorers spent four days ashore and estimated a native population of some 3, people.
A French navigator, Jean-Francois de Galaup, comte de La Perouse, found 2, people on the island when he arrived in A major slave raid from Peru infollowed by epidemics of smallpox, reduced the population to only people by By that time, Catholic missionaries had settled on Easter Island and begun to convert the population to Christianitya process that was completed by the late 19th century. InChile annexed Easter Island, leasing much of the land for sheep raising. An isolated triangle measuring 14 miles long by seven miles wide, Easter Island was formed by a series of volcanic eruptions.
In addition to its hilly terrain, the island contains many subterranean caves with corridors that extend deep into mountains of volcanic rock. It has a subtropical climate sunny and dry and temperate weather. It is now home to a mixed population, mostly of Polynesian ancestry and made up of the descendants of the Long-Ears and Short-Ears. Spanish is generally spoken, and the island has developed an economy largely based on tourism.
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Ellis Island is a historical site that opened in as an immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years until it closed in Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament of the Bible, the event is said to have occurred three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans and died in roughly 30 A. Rhode Island, measuring only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, is the smallest of the U. Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams inwho had been banished Easter traditions and symbols have evolved over time, though some have been around for centuries.
While to Christians, Easter is the celebration of the resurrection of Christ, many Easter traditions are not found in the Bible. The most prominent secular symbol of the Christian On Easter Monday, April 24,a group of Irish nationalists proclaimed the establishment of the Irish Republic and, along with some 1, followers, staged a rebellion against the British government in Ireland.
The rebels seized prominent buildings in Dublin and clashed with Anthropologists photographed the cylindrical hats, known as pukao, and used the photos to make In JuneJapan had seized the remote, Easter island moai dating inhabited islands of Attu Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was Easter island moai dating wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century. For hundreds of years, until the Three Mile Island is the site of a nuclear power plant in south central Pennsylvania.
In Marcha series of mechanical and human errors at the plant caused the worst commercial nuclear accident in U. Live TV. This Day In History. History Vault. Early Settlement The first human inhabitants of Rapa Nui the Polynesian name for Easter Island; its Spanish name is Isla de Pascua are believed to have arrived in an organized party of emigrants.
Recommended for you. Easter Island. Flashback: Easter History of Easter. Ellis Island Ellis Island is a historical site that opened in as an immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years until it closed in Easter Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Rhode Island Rhode Island, measuring only about 48 miles long and 37 miles wide, is the smallest of the U. Easter Symbols and Traditions Easter traditions and symbols have evolved over time, though some have been around for centuries. Easter Rising On Easter Monday, April 24,a group of Irish nationalists proclaimed the establishment of the Irish Republic and, along with some 1, followers, staged a rebellion against the British government in Ireland.
Machu Picchu Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cuzco, Peru, Machu Picchu is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century.Easter island moai dating
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The EIRA Database: Glacial to Holocene Radiocarbon Ages from Easter Island's Sedimentary Records