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Haydock's Catholic Commentary. Commentary Critical Unabridged. Verse I am my beloved's, and his desire is toward me. This was a part of the woman's curse. The old MS. In a brief parenthesis that follows, the two lovers are reminded of an occasion when they met on the farm.
The theme quickly returns to the praise of the girl, with the harem women asking her to display her beauty for them. But neither she nor her lover want people to gaze upon her as if she were a common dance girl He then describes her beauty from her feet to her headand adds a short erotic song expressing his great desire for her a. The girl replies that she belongs solely to him. There are very powerful reasons for seeing these verses as a rejection of the king by the Shulamite. Chief of those reasons is the dramatic word HIS that stands at the head of this paragraph.
This contrasts with the sixteen personal pronouns in the second person which dominate the king's flattering appeal. They are the equivalent of you, you, you, you - sixteen times! Yet the very first words of the Shulamite were addressed to the king standing right there in front of her; and yet she spoke of her beloved in the third person! The Shulamite's lover was not present.
She spoke of him, not to him. He was the shepherd, not the king. This could not possibly refer either to a palace or to a harem. The Shulamite is definitely not speaking of Jerusalem. Even a fool knows that farmers get up early; kings don't! The employment mentioned here is that of rural dwellers, not that of urbanites. The use of the second person pronoun here cannot change what she has already said. In these words, she is speaking of her true love, the shepherd, who will accompany her in their inspection of the vineyard.
Can anyone imagine Solomon going with one of his concubines on such a mission? We have somewhat elaborated the exposition of these verses, because our interpretation differs sharply from that which is advocated by most of the commentators we have consulted. Waddey: "The queen gently requests that her husband take her for a visit to her old home place. Bunn: "The maiden now invites her lover to receive her love.
Cook: His whole comment on this last paragraph was; "All his affection has me for its object. The bride proceeds to exercise her power over his Song of songs 7 10 will. Woodstra: "This is the king extolling the beauty of his bride and her love for him. Here, as frequently elsewhere in the book the lovers are represented as separated, with the girl longing for her beloved.
Robinson: "The Shulamite speaks here in reply to the king. Her heart is set on her native fields and vineyards. These are more attractive to her than the splendor and ceremony of a court. Willard: "The first nine verses of this chapter are held to be evidence of decadence and lust on the part of the aging Solomon.
It is probably the most difficult portion of the book for those who interpret Solomon and the maiden to mean Christ and the Church. Adam Clarke: "Here the bride wishes to accompany her spouse to the country and spend a night in his country house. This writer's acceptance of the shepherd-hypothesis in our interpretation is influenced Song of songs 7 10 by what is written in Song of Solomon 2.
See our comments there. Also a key factor in our interpretation is our utter inability to find anything in the Biblical record of Solomon's life that is fit to be compared to the sinless Son of God. The allegorical interpretation has been favored throughout the centuries since the destruction of Jerusalem, in spite of the fact that there is no hint whatever in the Song itself that the production is, in any sense, an allegory; and no inspired writer ever indicated such a thing. This writer confesses that the principal reason for accepting an allegorical interpretation lies in the near-impossibility of the book's presence in the Bible by any other means.
Many questions about the Song of Solomon remain unanswered in this writer's mind; and it is our prayer that further study may shed more light on it. A brief dialogue; Song of Solomon are spoken by the king, Song of Solomon and Song of Solomon by the bride. Song of Solomon Compare Song of Solomonnote; Song of Solomonnote. This thy stature - The king now addresses the bride, comparing her to palm, vine, and apple-tree for nobility of form and pleasantness of fruit; and the utterances of her mouth to sweetest wine.
For my beloved, that goeth down sweetly - Words of the bride interrupting the king, and finishing his sentence, that goeth smoothly or pleasantly for my beloved. Compare Proverbs His desire is toward me - All his affection has me for its object. Chapter 7 Now the daughters of Jerusalem address themselves to the Shulamite and they say. How beautiful are thy feet with shoes Song of Solomon. O prince's daughter! Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor: thy belly is like a heap of wheat set about with lilies Song of Solomon And I suppose that was complimentary to them.
I'm not that kind of an expressive person, and it doesn't do much for me. Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins. Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools of Heshbon Song of Solomon. Solomon built this tower in Lebanon after he had completed his palace.
So some twenty years after he was married to the daughter of Pharaoh. There are some who believe that the one he speaks of is Pharaoh's daughter, but this sort of precludes that because the song evidently was written after twenty years of marriage to her, and it seems that a new interest has taken in with the Shulamite.
Thy head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of your head like purple; the King is held in the galleries Song of Solomon How fair and how pleasant art you, O love, for delights! This thy stature is like unto a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters of grapes. I said, I will go to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples; And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth Song of songs 7 10 sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak Song of Solomon I am my beloved's, and his desire is toward me Song of Solomon Now think of this in the church and Jesus Christ and it becomes very beautiful indeed.
He loves me. Christ desires you. Your love, your response. He desires me. That to me is just uncanny. Come, my beloved, let us go forth into the field; let us lodge in the villages. Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourishes, whether the tender grape appears, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.
The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates are all manner of pleasant fruits, new and old, which I have laid up for thee, O my beloved Song of Solomon Communicating Affection This section, which provides a window into the intimate relationship of Solomon and his wife, shows how their love had matured since their wedding cf. The Shulammite exulted in her complete abandonment to her husband and in his complete satisfaction with her cf.
Song of Solomon ; Song of Solomon These joys increase through the years of a healthy marriage. This is apparent from her self-assertiveness documented in Song of Solomon However, it does suggest that she found in her position sustaining comfort. I [am] my beloved'sThese are the words of the church, strongly expressing the assurance of faith she had of her union to Christ, and interest in him; which shows that "that" grace is attainable, and that there may be a continuation of the exercise of it; it may be expressed again and again, as it is by the church in this Song, Song of Solomon ; and that the exercise of it often follows, upon the enjoyment of Christ's presence, as here, upon his going tap to the palm tree; and that this grace has no tendency to licentiousness, but excites to duty, and makes more careful in it, of which Song of Solomon is a proof, "Come, let us go forth", c.
Moreover, these words may be considered as a modest acknowledgment of the church's, that all Song of songs 7 10 were and had were Christ's, and came from him all the beauty he Song of songs 7 10 commended in her; all fruitfulness in grace, and strength in the exercise of it; her light and knowledge in divine truths; her zeal and courage to defend them; her upright stature, and holy walk and conversation, and every good thing else, were owing to his grace.
And here she also makes a voluntary surrender of all to him again; as she received all from him, she devotes all to him:. And this phrase not only ifies the conjugal relation of the church to Christ, he being her husband, and she his wife, the desire of his eyes, as a wife is called, Ezekiel ; but takes in the whole care and concern of Christ for her, as her husband; who sympathizes with her under all her distresses; protects her from all dangers and enemies; and provides everything necessary for her, for time and eternity.
Some render the words, "seeing his desire is towards me" b; therefore she expresses her faith in him, and gives up herself to him. These are the words of the spouse, the church, the believing soul, in answer to the kind expressions of Christ's love in the foregoing verses.
She here triumphs in her relation to Christ and her interest in him, and in his name will she boast all the day long. With what a transport of joy and holy exultation does she say Song of Solomon ; Song of Solomon" I am my beloved's, not my own, but entirely devoted to him and owned by him. The gracious discoveries of Christ's love to us should engage us greatly to rejoice in the hold he has of us, his sovereignty over us and property in us, which is no less a spring of comfort than a bond of duty.
Intimacy of communion with Christ should help clear Song of songs 7 10 our interest in him. Glorying in this, that she is his, to serve him, and reckoning that her honour, she comforts herself with this, that his desire is towards her, that is, he is her husband; it is a periphrasis of the conjugal relation, Genesis Christ's desire was strongly towards his chosen remnant, when he came from heaven to earth to seek and save them; and when, in pursuance of his undertaking, he was even straitened till the baptism of blood he was to pass through for them was accomplished, Luke He desired Zion for a habitation; this is a comfort to believers that, whosoever slights them, Christ has a desire towards them, such a desire as will again bring him from heaven to earth to receive them to himself; for he longs to have them all with him, John ; John She humbly and earnestly desires communion with him Song of Solomon ; Song of Solomon : " Come, my beloved, let us take a walk together, that I may receive counsel, instruction, and comfort from thee, and may make known my wants and grievances to thee, with freedom, and without interruption.
Observe here, 1. Having received fresh tokens of his love, and full assurances of her interest in him, she presses forward towards further acquaintance with him; as blessed Paul, who desired yet more and more of the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus, Philippians Christ has made it to appear how much his desire is towards us, and we are very ungrateful if ours be not towards him. Note, Communion with Christ is that which all that are sanctified earnestly breathe after; and the clearer discoveries he makes to them of his love the more earnestly do they desire it.
Sensual pleasures pall the carnal appetite, and soon give it surfeit, but spiritual delights whet the desires, the language of which is, Nothing more than God, but still more and more of him. Christ had said, I will go up to the palm-tree. Come, saith she, Let us go. The promises Christ has made us of communion with him are not to supersede, but quicken and encourage, our prayers for that communion.
She desires to go forth into the fields and villages to have this communion with him. Those that would converse with Christ must go forth from the world and the amusements of it, must avoid every thing that would divert the mind and be a hindrance to it when it should be wholly taken up with Christ; we must contrive how to attend upon the Lord without distraction 1 Corinthiansfor therefore the spouse here covets to get out of the noise of the town. Let us go forth to him without the camp, Hebrews Solitude and retirement befriend communion with God; therefore Isaac went out into the field to meditate and pray.
Enter into thy closet, and shut thy door. A believer is never less alone than when alone with Christ, where no eye sees. Having business to go abroad, to look after their grounds, she desires the company of her beloved. Note, Wherever we are, we may keep up our communion with God, if it be not our own fault, for he is always at our right hand, his eye always upon us, and both his word and his ear always nigh us. By going about our worldly affairs with heavenly holy hearts, mixing pious thoughts with common actions, and having our eyes ever towards the Lord, we may take Christ along with us whithersoever we go.
Nor should we go any whither where we cannot in faith ask him to go along with us. She is willing to rise betimes, to go along with her beloved: Let us get up early to the vineyards. It intimates her care to improve opportunities of conversing with her beloved; when the time appointed has come, we must lose no time, but, as the woman Markgo very early, though it be to a sepulchre, if we be in hopes to meet him there.
Those that will go abroad with Christ must begin betimes with him, early in the morning of their days, must begin every day with him, seek him early, seek him diligently. She will be content to take up her lodging in the villages, the huts or cottages which the country people built for their shelter when they attended their business in the fields; there, in these mean and cold dwellings, she will gladly reside, if she may but have her beloved with her.
His presence will make them fine and pleasant, and convert them into palaces. A gracious soul can reconcile itself to the poorest accommodations, if it may have communion with God in them. The most pleasant delightful fields, even in the spring-time, when the country is most pleasant, will not satisfy her, unless she have her beloved with her. No delights on earth can make a believer easy, unless he enjoy God in all. She desires to be better acquainted with the state of her own soul and the present posture of its affairs Song of Solomon ; Song of Solomon : Let us see if the vine flourish.
Our own souls are our vineyards; they are, or should be, planted with vines and pomegranates, choice and useful trees.Song of songs 7 10
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